Kurdistan Socialist Party


Kurdistan Socialist Party
(PSK)
   The Kurdistan Socialist Party of Turkey (in Kurdish Partiya Sosyalist a Kurdistan) was originally established in 1974 as the Socialist Party of Turkish Kurdistan (SPTK) by Kemal Burkay as a nonviolent Marxist party. It was also know as Riya Azadi (Road to Freedom) in Kurdish and as Ozgurluk Yolu in Turkish after its monthly journal, which lasted from 1975 until its suppression early in 1979. The PSK adopted its present name in 1992, when it reorganized itself at its third congress.
   During the 1970s, the PSK had a small urban following of workers and intellectuals, possessed some influence in trade unions and teachers unions, and was known for its pro-Soviet stance. The party also claimed to work through a legal youth front in Turkey, the Devrimci Halk Kultur Dernegi (DHKD), or Revolutionary Popular Cultural Association, a descendant of the earlier Devrimci Dogu Kultur Oc-aklari (DDKO), or Revolutionary Eastern Cultural Hearths.
   For most of its existence, the PSK has denounced the armed struggle of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) as premature, counterrevolutionary, and terrorist. Instead, the PSK supported a nonviolent, two-stage strategy that would first lead to autonomy for the Kurds in a federation in Turkey and later achieve a unified socialist Kurdistan.
   After the Turkish military coup in 1980, the PKK marginalized the PSK. The PSK leader Kemal Burkay and his associates lived in exile. Ironically, however, the PKK in theory came around to adopting the nonviolent strategy long advocated by its rival the PSK, after the capture of the PKK's leader Abdullah Ocalan in 1999. As of 2010, the PSK has become virtually moribund.

Historical Dictionary of the Kurds. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kurdistan Toilers' Party — ( ku. Parti Zahmatkeshan Kurdistan) founded according to the party in 1985, is a splinter from the Kurdistan Socialist Party of Iraq, and later a member of the Iraqi Kurdistan Front. Led by Khalid Zangana and now by Qadir Aziz.It publishes the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Workers' Party — Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, (PKK) The current PKK flag used since 2005 Dates of operation 27 November 1978–present. Leader Murat Karayilan(current leader). Abdullah Öcalan …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Workers Party — Infobox militant organization name=Kurdistan Workers Party Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan, (PKK) logo=PKK.svg caption=The current PKK flag used since 2005 dates=1978 present leader=The current official leader is Murat Karayilan. Abdullah Öcalan (also …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Democratic Party — (KDP)    The preeminent Kurdish party in Iraq, the Kurdish Democratic Party (renamed Kurdistan Democratic Party in 1953 to indicate that it represented all the people in Iraqi Kurdistan, not just the Kurds), is essentially a nationalist and… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran — The Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iran ( ku. Hîzbî Dêmokiratî Kurdistanî Êran) is a Kurdish opposition group in Iranian Kurdistan which seeks the attainment of Kurdish national rights within a democratic federal republic of Iran.The current… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Democratic Party of Iraq — Infobox Political Party party name = Kurdistan Democratic Party Partiya Demokrata Kurdistanê پارتیا دەمۆکراتا کوردستانێ الحزب الديمقراطي الكردستاني colorcode = yellow party leader = Massoud Barzani foundation = 16 august, 1946 ideology = Social… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdish Socialist Party — or Kurds Socialist Party in Kurdish Sorani (Parti Socialisti Kurd پارستی سۆسیالستی کورد) Kurmanji (Partiya Socialist Kurda) PASOK, formed by Muhammad Mustafa aka Azad Mustafa on September 11th 1976. PASOK s name changed in the first congress… …   Wikipedia

  • History of the Kurdistan Workers Party — The history of the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) began in 1974 as a Marxist Leninist organization under the leadership of Abdullah Öcalan. Kurdistan Workers Party . F.A.S. 2004.] In 1978 the organization adapted the name Kurdistan Workers Party… …   Wikipedia

  • Turkey–Kurdistan Workers Party conflict — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Turkey PKK conflict caption=A Turkish Cobra attack helicopter on an attack mission during the December 2007 bombing of northern Iraq. partof= place=Turkey, North of Iraq date=1970s – present result=Ongoing… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurdistan Parliament in Exile —    The Kurdistan Parliament in Exile (in Kurdish, Parlamana Kurdistane Li Derveyi Welat [PKDW]) was established by the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and other interested Kurdish bodies and personalities in 1995. It held its first plenary session… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.